OpenSSL and LuaSec/LuaCrypto are pretty common libraries within the Lua eco system. Where other cornerstone libraries are on their own (LuaSocket and LuaFileSystem/lfs), the issue with LuaSec/LuaCrypto is that they are bindings to OpenSSL, which requires a properly compiled OpenSSL version. (“properly compiled” is related to the runtime libraries used, they need to be compiled against the same versions, so just grabbing the OpenSSL dll files from some other project might deliver unexpected results/failures/crashes) Continue reading
A common problem with Lua newbies is the setup of the Lua environment. As many other programming/scripting languages Lua allows you to load external libraries. To prevent you from having to type exact system paths, Lua uses so called library paths to automatically look them up.
For this purpose Lua has 2 environment variables, LUA_PATH and LUA_CPATH. The former is used for loading Lua libraries, the latter for C libraries. Despite the different targets, they both work the same. And if you are familiar with the regular system PATH variables, then you already know the concept. Continue reading
There is an updated version of this post here
The older LuaforWindows distribution is getting obsolete quickly these days. Also because the distribution is aging, many “batteries” are out dated and they are not easily replaced as the package managers do not integrate with it. So I started an endavour to update my windows system with a clean installation (minimal batteries) and a proper package manager to be able to update and extend packages as needed.
The UPnP gateway now gets to a point that might even justify a pre-release, finally! It can be started from a batch file and configured to run one or more drivers. Capable of publishing dozens of UPnP devices simultaneously (be it as sub-devices)
A driver template is included so new drivers can quickly be setup. A fully functional xplrfx driver is included as well as 3 demo drivers. All c code is now compiled for distribution, no more development/debug libraries required. Continue reading
For a couple of years now I’ve been programming a lot in Lua. One of the things I had a hard time with was the relation between the states, threads (coroutines in Lua) and memory layout. This is mostly simple when doing some basic scripting, but once you start writing C libraries or library bindings you really need to be aware of all the nitty gritty details. Now throw in some multi-threading and you’ll get yourself in trouble in no time, if you’re not careful.
So yesterday, I gave a talk on home automation at HackersNL in Utrecht, nice and friendly audience and plenty of new ideas.
I’ve uploaded the slideset, available here (downloaded 1444 times). Furthermore some additional comments and links;
- Home automation site; check out bwired.nl, awesome. Nothing to add to that.
- Bwired also has a generic home automation forum, not specifically related to a server product.
- xPL and all its related info can be found on the xPL project site
- For the internet-of-things there is a great open source project started by Sierra-Wireless. It is being run under the Eclipse umbrella and already delivered some nice results. Check out Koneki (LDT and OMA), Mihini and Paho.
For a start with UPnP there is a lot of documentation on the forum pages. But there is no real shortcut to UPnP, but here’s where to start
- To get a feel of what it can do, download the UPnP Developer Tools (runs on .NET, so might also work on Mono, but never tried). Use the DeviceSpy utility to examine some of your own devices and fiddle with the actions (Tip: right-click on a service and subscribe to events). Also give the included “Network Light” sample application a try (to fiddle with from Device Spy).
- Read the UPnP Device Architecture 1.1 document (UDA), even if you don’t make it through, focus on sections;
- 1 Discovery (introduction only)
- 2 Description (introduction only)
- 2.3 Device Description
- 2.5 Service Description
- 3 Control (introduction only)
- 4 Eventing (introduction only)
- Browse the device and service specifications. Start with “Lighting Controls_1” which are fairly easy to read, and once you get the concept of those try something more challenging like the Media Server/Renderer stuff.
It was a fun evening, thanks for the invitation guys! If you have any questions or want some more info, just drop a message below.
It’s been a while, but some major additions have been made to the UPnP gateway engine. Previously the engine would parse xml description files to generate objects. Now it includes both an xml factory and a device factory that generate everything on the fly.
The code now includes a BinaryLight and a DimmableLight (both standardized DCPs), they are based on standardized services SwitchPower and Dimming (also included). Implementing a fully functional DimmableLight device now only takes 4 lines of code; Continue reading
Just posting this as I’ll be away for a couple of weeks, so what did I fix since last post;
- Todo: UPnP security service has not been implemented (must have!)
- Todo: Some of the wrapper code (mutexes, waithandles and sockets) are not complete for all platforms yet, currently it only runs on Windows, but this should be limited as the wrappers themselves have all been created already
Todo: Solid logger, as its designed to be used in the background without an interface, it must provide solid logging, even if only for troubleshooting and debugging
- Todo: Serial library; currently network connections are supported through the LuaSocket library, but serial connections must be added to (probably through ser2net, but that lacks a windows version AFAIK)
Todo: The demo is a single Lua file (which is totally crap code), and should be replaced by a Lua side object oriented framework to access and modify UPnP devices/controlpoints
Today I finished the first working sample of the new UPnP gateway I’ve been working on, a major milestone! Stepped out of .NET and changed to platform independent code and libraries. Punished myself with hardcore C, multi-threading and multi-platform all at once, but it all seems to start working now.
So what is it?
Its a Lua scripting engine, glued to the pupnp library. Lua is a small, fast and very portable dynamic scripting language and pupnp is a portable UPnP library. This creates an engine that will run on any platform (Windows, Mac, Linux, or even embedded on a NAS or your wifi router), while at the same time allowing users/developers to write code in Lua. So it takes away the need to do all the complex stuff in hardcore C, threading, platforms, etc. The Lua scripts will simply run on all platforms, unmodified.
Recently, while looking for a better Lua IDE I tried the Lua Development Tools by the Koneki project. The Koneki project focusses on machine-2-machine (M2M) development and hence does not yet support local run and debug configurations. With a support link to some helpful pages (which didn’t work straight away), I fiddled around a bit and got it working through the ‘external tools’ workaround, though still with some quirks. Also not sure it all works as it should, especially adding command line parameters is something I’ll be needing to fix still. Continue reading